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Downloading 12.5 m ALOS PALSAR High-Resolution DEM

NASA’s Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) is the data distribution system facilitated with NASA’s Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs). Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) is one of the DAAC providing various data sources to the public for free. We will use the ASF website (as of 28th October 2019) to download the 12.5 m historical datasets (2006-2011) on high-resolution DEM from ALOS PALSAR.

PALSAR is the L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), i.e. it is able to capture the image all-weather and has day and night observation. Below is the different acquisition beam mode for the PALSAR. Read more on the mission on the JAXA website.

beam-acquisition-palsar
The Radiometric Terrain Correction (RTC) product has been created and released by ASF. Below is the coverage of the RTC dataset. It’s available worldwide except for some very high northern hemisphere.

alos-rtc-heat-map

They are usually available as two product levels: high-resolution and low-resolution. Both high-and-low resolutions have DEM provided in 12.5 m as Int16 GeoTIFF format.

Now, let’s go ahead and download the datasets.

  1. We need NASA Earth Data login credentials. So, go ahead, and create an account on the NASA Earth Data Login.
  2. Go ahead and open up the ASF Data Search Platform. Click the User icon as shown in the red box below, and log in with the Earth Data credentials that you created in 1.login-bar
  3. Click on the Dataset and select ALOS PALSAR. Draw your area of interesting by dragging the mouse to create a rectangle bounding box. Select the Start Date and End Date.alos-file-search
    You can filter to include only the Lo-Res Terrain Correction and High-Res Terrain Correction product.

    alos-file-type

  4. If you want to download all these images programmatically, click on Add all results to queue.alos-add-to-queue
    Then move to the Downloads icon on the top-right side. Click on the Data Download. And then you can download the python script to download all the data at once.
    alos-bulk-download-script
  5. If you unzip the product, you will see multiple files. The DEM file is the one with .dem.tif extension. Load in QGIS or any GIS software to make sure they are what you expected, and use them in your project.
    alos-qgis-loaded

 

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2 Comments

  1. Anirban

    Its a great source of DEM data, Thanks for sharing. However, Coastal data in Subarctic zones showing some mysterious results like the value of water is -48, that’s ok. Still, the coastal zone is also showing the negative value for a long stretch landward. I have checked with Google earth, SRTM data, where the actual value is say +2. This data is showing -32. So is there any Datum correction or some scale factor etc. for the coastal zones?

    • biplovbhandari

      Please note that this dataset is geoid corrected so that values that you see are the ellipsoidal height.

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